Mind uploading is a popular term for a putative process by which the mind, including memories, personality, consciousness, etc., of a specific individual is transferred from its original biological brain to another operating substrate. (Alternative terms for mind uploading have appeared in fiction and non-fiction, such as mind transfer, mind downloading, off-loading, side-loading, and several others.)

Once it is possible to move a mind from one substrate to another, it is called a Substrate Independent Mind (SIM).

The technology most commonly associated with mind uploading is Whole Brain Emulation (WBE); emulation as when one type of processor is emulated in software on top of another type of processor.

Whole Brain Emulation can be equivalent to neural prosthesis of the whole brain.


Carboncopies.org (http://carboncopies.org) is the principal organization that manages up-to-date roadmapping, maintains a research network, develops foundational literature and provides support to projects and outreach activities, all aimed at achieving substrate-independent minds.

Visit carboncopies.org for up-to-date information in those areas.

At minduploading.org, we provide information about the concept of mind uploading:
  • Frequently asked questions about mind uploading to substrate-independent minds and whole brain emulation.
  • Motivations and rationale of the objective of substrate-independent minds and mind uploading.
  • Practical problems and suggested approaches, including:
    • gradual or non-gradual, in-vivo or post-mortem procedures;
    • personal identity, self-continuity and consciousness;
    • law, rights, and existential risks.
  • Mind uploading in historical and social context.
Snapshot of the old "minduploading.org/murgname.html" web page, documenting the terminology survey among original members of the "Mind Uploading Research Group" (MURG) that led to the adoption of the term Whole Brain Emulation. (Click to view full size.)

The materials provided through the navigation links on this site have not yet been updated (only the main page has). Content may be outdated. (Work in progress. - May 28, 2014)